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Retirement Planning Key Numbers

Retirement Planning Key Numbers

| January 13, 2023
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Certain retirement plan and IRA limits are indexed for inflation each year, and 2023 saw record increases in
many figures. Some of the key numbers are listed below, with the corresponding limit for 2022. (The source for
the 2023 numbers is IRS Notice 2022-55.)

Elective deferral limits20222023
401(k) plans, 403(b) plans, 457(b) plans, and SAR-SEPs1 (includes Roth contributions)Lesser of $20,500 or 100% of participant’s compensation ($27,000 if age 50 or older)2Lesser of $22,500 or 100% of participant’s compensation ($30,000 if age 50 or older)2
SIMPLE 401(k) plans and SIMPLE IRA plans1Lesser of $14,000 or 100% of participant’s compensation ($17,000 if age 50 or older)Lesser of $15,500 or 100% of participant’s compensation ($19,000 if age 50 or older)

1 Must aggregate employee deferrals to all 401(k), 403(b), SAR-SEP, and SIMPLE plans of all employers;
457(b) contributions are not aggregated. For SAR-SEPs, the percentage limit is 25% of compensation reduced
by elective deferrals (effectively a 20% maximum contribution).
2 Special catch-up limits may also apply to 403(b) and 457(b) plan participants.

IRA contribution limits20222023
Traditional and Roth IRAsLesser of $6,000 or 100% of earned income ($7,000 if age 50 or older)Lesser of $6,500 or 100% of earned income ($7,500 if age 50 or older)
Defined benefit plan annual benefit limits20222023
Annual benefit limit per participantLesser of $245,000 or 100% of average compensation for highest three consecutive yearsLesser of $265,000 or 100% of average compensation for highest three consecutive years
Defined contribution plan limits [qualified plans, 403(b) plans, and SEP plans]20222023
Annual addition limit per participant (employer contributions; employee pre-tax, after-tax, and Roth contributions; and forfeitures)Lesser of $61,000 or 100% (25% for SEP) of participant’s compensationLesser of $66,000 or 100% (25% for SEP) of participant’s compensation
Retirement plan compensation limits20222023
Maximum compensation per participant that can be used to calculate tax-deductible employer contribution (qualified plans/SEPs)$305,000$330,000
Compensation threshold used to determine a highly compensated employee$135,000 (when 2022 is the look-back year)$150,000 (when 2023 is the look-back year)
Compensation threshold used to determine a key employee in a top-heavy plan$1 for more-than-5% owners $200,000 for officers $150,000 for more-than-1% owners$1 for more-than-5% owners $215,000 for officers $150,000 for more-than-1% owners
Compensation threshold used to determine a qualifying employee under a SIMPLE plan$5,000$5,000
Compensation threshold used to determine a qualifying employee under a SEP plan$650$750
Income phaseout range for determining deductibility of traditional IRA contributions for taxpayers:20222023
1. Covered by an employer-sponsored plan and filing as:  
Single/Head of household$68,000 – $78,000$73,000 – $83,000
Married filing jointly$109,000 – $129,000$116,000 – $136,000
Married filing separately$0 – $10,000$0 – $10,000
2. Not covered by an employer-sponsored retirement plan, but filing joint return with a spouse who is covered by a plan$204,000 – $214,000$218,000 – $228,000
Income phaseout range for determining ability to fund a Roth IRA for taxpayers filing as:20222023
Single/Head of household$129,000 – $144,000$138,000 – $153,000
Married filing jointly$204,000 – $214,000$218,000 – $228,000
Married filing separately$0 – $10,000$0 – $10,000

This information was developed by Broadridge, an independent third party. It is general in nature, is not a complete statement of all information necessary for making an investment decision, and is not a recommendation or a solicitation to buy or sell any security. Investments and strategies mentioned may not be suitable for all investors. Past performance may not be indicative of future results.

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